The Shabbas after Tisha B’Av is called Shabbas Nachamu 8/3-4.Why are we so happy and comforted this shabbas?
This week’s portion discusses the following topics: Moses’s plea to enter the land of Israel, foundations of faith (commandments), refuge cities and law of Tefillin and Mezuzah.
Why is this portion called Va-Etchannan?
Because, Moses pleaded with G-d to cross the Jordan. He wanted to see the land of Israel by crossing the Jordan.
Did Moses enter the land of Israel?
No. He was not permitted to enter the land with the Jewish people.
What did G-d allow Mose’s to see?
G-d told Moses that he could see the land from on top of a cliff. He wouldn’t be able to cross the Jordan. He was told that he could climb to the top of a cliff and gaze to the west, north, south and east.
What are the commandments?
G-d took you out of Egypt from the place of slavery.
Not to make any other gods. (Example… idols)
Do not take G-d’s name in vain.
Observe the Sabbath.
Honor your father and mother.
Do not commit murder.
Do not commit adultery.
Do not steal.
Do not testify as a perjurous witness against your neighbor.
Do not desire your neighbor’s wife. (Do not desire your neighbor’s house, field, slaves, ox donkey or anything else that belongs to your neighbor.
What laws did G-d say regarding the commandments?
That the Jewish people must keep all of the commandments.
Why are these laws discussed now?
These rules are discussed now because you the (Jewish) people will be able to keep them in the land to which they are coming (land of Israel). These laws will be your wisdom and understanding in the eyes of the nations.
Moses reminds the Jewish people to not forget what memory?
The memory at Mount Sinai (the giving of the Ten Commandments).
How did G-d speak to the Jews at Mount Sinai?
On the mountain, G-d spoke to you face to face out of the fire.
What happened after the second commandment?
The Jewish people asked Moses to listen to G-d and transmit to us whatever G-d our Lord tells you and when we hear the commandments we will do it.
How do we interact with G-d?
Love G-d with all your heart, soul and with all your might.
What are men obligated to do when thinking of G-d?
Every mourning after a boy becomes 13 (Bar Mitzvah) ages he receives Tefillin. Tefillin is composed of black leather straps connected to a box. Enclosed in the box is a parchment with the words that contains G-d’s message. The famous prayer of Sh’ma is written on the parchment along with the yoke of the commandments. One box is put on top of the head. The other is put on an arm directly across the heart.
What is the yoke of the commandments?
If you are careful to listen to the commandments the proper rains will fall at their set times. This will allow an ample harvest of grain, oil and wine. The Jewish people will have food and be satisfied. The heart shouldn’t go astray and worship other gods. Teach your children to speak of this message when they arise with the words of Sh’ma and when they are ready to go to sleep (Sh’ma) is repeated. Sh’ma is said two times a day. This messages is to be mentioned while at home and on a journey/trip.
Where else is this message written?
This message is written on a parchment and inserted into a mezuzah. This is the box found on Jewish people’s door posts.
What did G-d say about the land of Israel and its inhabitants?
He said that the Jewish people may not marry the captives.
If they intermarry with them. Your children will be lead away from G-d . It will cause them to worship other gods.
Why did G-d give us Israel?
It was because of G-d’s love for us and the oath he made to our forefathers.
Rabbi Leff on the parsha and Shabbas Nachamu Connection: vaeschanan